Electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS) use (aka “vaping”) is increasingly common among young people. Our group has examined patterns of use and toxicology of vaping among teens. An early study showed that the prevalence of vaping increased between 2009 and 2013 among young adults, and significant correlates differed based on whether use was to quit conventional cigarettes or not. A subsequent study showed that vaping was the most common strategy young adults used to aid a smoking quit attempt. In a final series of studies, we sought to identify the presence of chemical toxicants associated with vaping among adolescents. Excretion of metabolites of acrylonitrile, acrolein, propylene oxide, acrylamide, and crotonaldehyde were significantly higher in those who only vaped compared with controls (all p<.05). We showed that while vaping may be less hazardous than inhaling cigarette smoke, it is likely not safe since many of the compounds we identified are carcinogenic.
Rubinstein ML, Delucchi K, Benowitz NL, Ramo DE. Adolescent Exposure to Toxic Volatile Organic Chemicals From E-Cigarettes. Pediatrics. 2018 Apr; 141(4).
Vogel EA, Ramo DE, Rubinstein ML. Prevalence and correlates of adolescents' e-cigarette use frequency and dependence. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2018 May 08; 188:109-112.
Thrul J, Ramo DE. Cessation Strategies Young Adult Smokers Use After Participating in a Facebook Intervention. Subst Use Misuse. 2017 Jan 28; 52(2):259-264.
Ramo DE, Young-Wolff KC, Prochaska JJ. Prevalence and correlates of electronic-cigarette use in young adults: findings from three studies over five years. Addict Behav. 2015 Feb; 41:142-7.